Chemistry

Different Branches of Chemistry and Their Definitions

How many Branches of chemistry are there?

There are numerous branches of chemistry. in fact, chemistry is everywhere like in our environment, in medical, in Branches of chemistryfood etc.

but the scientists have divided chemistry in nine (9) major and important branches which are discussed below with their definition and some of the examples from our daily life.

list of Chemistry Branches

  • Organic chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Organic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry
  • Analytical chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear chemistry
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Industrial or applied chemistry
  • Polymeric Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of hydrocarbon and their derivatives is known as ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

or

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of carbon and their compounds (except CO2, CO, CO3, HCO3, CN etc) is known as organic chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the chemistry of elements and their compounds, generally obtained from non-living organisms, i.e. from minerals is known as inorganic chemistry.

or

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of minerals and the elements (except hydrocarbon and their derivatives ) is known as inorganic chemistry.

Physical Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the laws and the principles governing the combination of atoms and molecules in chemical reactions and study of physical properties of matter is called physical chemistry. e.e. H2 gas contains covalent bond while NaCl contains ionic bond, etc.

Analytical Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the methods and techniques involved determining the types, quality, and quantity of various compounds ( elements) in a given substance is known as analytical chemistry.

For example Analysis of water given an idea that H2O contains hydrogen and oxygen with the ratio of 1:2 by parts or 1:8 by mass.

Biochemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of compounds chemical reactions ( metabolism) involves in living organism i.e. plants and animals cell is known as biochemistry.

For example the digestion of food in living things, the action of medicines, etc.

Nuclear Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of changes occurring in the nuclei of atoms, accompanied by the emission of invisible radiations is known as nuclear chemistry.

For example the emission of alpha (α), beta(β) and gamma(Γ) radiations.

Environmental Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the interaction of chemical materials and their effects on the environment of animals and plants are known as Environmental chemistry

or

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of those methods or techniques which are used to decrease or eliminate of the pollution of our environment is known as environmental chemistry.

For Example, Global warming can be reduced by planting the more trees, etc.

Industrial or Applied Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the study of different chemical processes involved in the chemical industries for the manufacturing of synthetic products is known as industrial chemistry.

For example  glass, cement, paper, soda ash, fertilizers, medicines, etc.

Polymeric Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of polymerization and the products obtained through the process of polymerization is known as polymeric chemistry.

For example polyethylene ( plastic bags), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), synthetic fibers, etc.

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