List of Barriers to Effective Communication | Types & Examples

Explain common types of communication barriers

communication barrier is an obstruction in effective communication. those things by which an effective communication obstructed are called barriers to effective communication.barriers to effective communication

Here, I have provided a list of Communication Barriers fully explained with examples, which will be hopefully the key factors for the success of an individual or organization by overcoming them.

but..! before that we need to understand that

what actually is a Communication barrier?

When you send a message to another company or person, you often have noticed that it does not correctly reach the next entity or person.I.e. You do not explain your purpose or goal clearly, which is referred as Barriers to Effective Communication.


Because there are few obstacles in the communication process:

Types of Communication Barriers

  • External barriers or mechanical barriers
  • Linguistic and Cultural Barriers
  • Psychological Barriers
  • Semantic Barrierslist of communication barriershere we have put a list of possible barriers to effective communication in detail.
  • Emotional liking or Disliking
  • status
  • perception
  • personality
  • culture
  • power
  • Geographic Distance
  • The absence of mutual interest
  • speech and pitch of communication
  • media or medium
  • audience identification
  • interruptions
    barriers of communication

External or Mechanical Barriers

There are certain defects in the devices we use in the communication process, they are taken as external/mechanical barriers, not within the control of either the receiver or sender of the message.

(a) in case of mass communication, failure of loudspeaker, distance etc. which are mechanical in nature.

(b) disturbance on the radio, ink spread on the newspaper, rolling of the picture on TV can be taken as a barrier.

(c) environment sounds like traffic noise, conversation, door and window banging etc.

Emotional liking or Disliking

A common obstacle which often used as a barrier to forward a message and processing it is emotional liking or disliking of the receiver.

For example, if you send a message to your subordinate that in case of a necessary work today, you will give more time after duty hours.

Then: If he is tired of working all day long, he will say what’s problem. How do I do this? And If he is mentally calm and restful, he will accept it with pleasure.

Status of the person

Employees’ status in any institution may also affect the communication process and delivery of the message. More often Small employees are paid less attention and talk of high officials is heard completely.

And that Gap of communication later produces misconceptions between the high-level employees and the smallest which later on cause of barrier to the development of the institution.


People’s awareness, the feeling of responsibility and understanding are also restricted in the right way of information and communication process. Because each person’s individual thinking or thoughts and actions differ from another person.

Each person receives the message or information, works on it according to his own consciousness and understanding. That’s why every person’s reaction is different.

For Example:

If there is a group of six people And one says that let`s follow point from point A to point B. So, everyone`s reaction will be different from each other.

The difference between thinking and consciousness is due to the following elements:

  1. Information
  2. Past Experience
  3. Reaction

Information: Each person will follow your message with his own information. The extent to which it has knowledge or information, according to that, He will do his part of work.

Past Experience: The person who has some previous experience, he will follow your orders keeping it in mind and will respond positively and better to the work or message.

Reaction: An individual person will show interest in your message and focus on understanding it, then its response will also be positive. This barrier can be displayed below the following diagram.

Perception Cycle in communication
Perception cycle Diagram


Personality alas describes a person’s mental and physical information. And it also affects the relationship between the person, which is also considered a barrier between words, information or phrase exchange in communication.

Usually height, good wear and smart people have a higher position in their group, On the other hand, less tallest persons have low importance and value than those.


many times taller and good wearing people forget to keep in view other`s understandings in the communication.

And thus, Messages cannot be delivered in the context of their edge.


Unity in culture or civilization plays an important role in the delivery of messages through communication. If the culture or language is same, information delivery is easy. But if the language and culture of different people are different, it is a big barrier in the communication process.

Therefore, there is a lot of conflict and problems in people where there is lack of uniformity in civilization. That is why people will feel relaxed in such things where uniformity is found. And relationships with each other will also be better.


Powers is also a reason for barriers and obstacles in the communication process.

how? let me explain:

remember, How can a subordinate indicate the mistakes of his officer who has the authority of promotion?

Therefore, for better communication, every person should get or accept the policies and tips openly. Done it, as soon as possible.

Geographic Distance

When sender and receiver live in two different places or areas, we will consider this communication as an informal between them. And geographical distances reduce the volume of message delivery in the communication system.

For example, if you are sending a message from the Arabian to Saudi Arabia, you will try to send a short message in the shortest time. So that your telephone bill is minimum.

Thus, the importance of the message decreases and the importance of time increases. And sometimes, the message is not delivered correctly and you can not get the expecting objectives.

The absence of mutual interest

If there is no aspect of mutual interest between the two people, they will not be fully interested in each other’s talk. And only a few points will be remembered and forget the rest.

There is no effect on message delivery and interaction in this way.


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